Turkey is located between the continents of Asia and Europe on three sides, as the geographical location of the country is a peninsula surrounded by the sea.
The country’s connection between Asia and Europe is provided by the Bosphorus in Istanbul, one side of Istanbul is connected to Asia and the other side is connected to the European continent.
Turkey has a variety of climates:
3 different types of climate appeared in Turkey, where the Mediterranean climate, the black sea climate and the mountain climate are widely seen.
Turkey is divided into seven geographical regions:
Four seas are located in Turkey, the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the Aegean Sea in the west and the Marmara Sea in the northwest.
Seven geographic regions; Mediterranean region, Marmara region, Aegean region, Black Sea region, Eastern Anatolia region, Central Anatolia region and Southeast Anatolia region.
On the shores of the Marmara region, the Aegean region and the Mediterranean region, a Mediterranean climate is observed with hot and dry summers and warm and rainy winters.
Plants grown in this type of climate are generally oranges, lemons, tangerines, bananas, olives, avocados, and green vegetables.
Mediterranean climate, which is very suitable for agricultural activities, and suitable for living.
The climate is in the inner sections of Turkey, the Inner Anatolia Division and the Eastern Anatolia Division, where the summer is moderate, and the winter is cold and dry, where the snow falls as can be seen in the mountainous region.
Air temperatures drop below zero in the winter and snowfall is observed, and some agricultural products grown in this climate are grains, wheat, barley, cherries, chestnuts, roses, and potatoes.
North along the coast of Turkey Karadeniz notes the regional climate, the Black Sea climate is cool in summer and the winter is warm and there is a lot of rain in all seasons, Large-scale tea cultivation in Rize and surrounding areas.
The most important cities in the Marmara region are İstanbul, Yalova, Kocaeli and Bursa.
The most important cities of the Aegean region; İzmir, Muğla, Manisa and Aydın
The most important cities in the Mediterranean region; Antalya, Adana, Mersin and Hatay
The most important cities of the Central Anatolia Region; Ankara (capital) Kayseri and Niğde.
The most important cities of Eastern Anatolia Region: Erzurum, Malatya, Van, Elazığ, Erzincan and Muş.
The most important cities of the South-eastern Anatolia Region; Mardin, Antep, Maraş, Urfa and Diyarbakır.
The most important cities of the Black Sea region: Trabzon, Ordu, Rize, Artvin and Samsun.
The most developed cities of Turkey are, respectively, İstanbul, Ankara and İzmir.